Westminster Abbey – The royal church
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Westminster Abbey in London is one of the most visited churches in the world, as well as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Historically, the kings of England are crowned and buried here, right in the heart of London. Thus, the solemn coronation of Queen Elizabeth II took place here – but also the moving funeral service of Lady Diana. A visit to the majestic church is an absolute must during a trip to London. Look no further for all the most important and exciting information about Westminster Abbey!
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What is the Westminster Abbey?
The Church of Westminster Abbey is truly a real gem of London’s best sights. The iconic Landmark is a magnificent example of Gothic architecture, and we leave you speechless which its spires and interior (more about that later). You are interested in the history, culture, and beauty of London? Then Westminster Abbey is a must-visit for your Trip. There is something really special about Westminster Abbey – both the facade and interior are stunningly beautiful, and you will be pleased by the beauty of this church (I mean, the Royal weddings are held here – has to be pretty special).
Westminster Abbey Tickets
To avoid long waiting times, it is worth booking the ticket online in advance. If you have a ticket, you can go directly to the entrance of the church and pick up an audio guide for your choosing. Now you can explore the church on your own and listen to audio commentaries telling you all about its rich history.
Tip: If you want to visit countless sightseeing spots, like London Eye and Buckingham Palace, and take tours, like a boat trip on the Thames, I can recommend the London Pass! You can book a pass for one or more days/persons and save a lot of entrance fees. Exceptionally practical is the so-called “fast lane” access to many attractions, which saves you long queues!
PASS COMPARISON: EXPLORER PASS OR LONDON PASS?
Westminster Abbey – a private guided tour
If you want to immerse yourself in the rich history of London, I can recommend a great tour called Westminster Abbey Tour with Optional Houses of Parliament. A personal guide will tell you about the lore and legends of Westminster Abbey and later Westminster Palace, which serves as the House of Parliament.
You will be taken inside Westminster Abbey and also learn about the Houses of Parliament and its famous Big Ben bell on a 4-hour guided tour. Learn about the workings of government, and discover how and why these iconic symbols of London were built.
The ticket for the tour is available for adults from £57. All entrance fees are of course already included in the price. The tour starts in the morning and takes 2 – 4 hours, depending on how much you’d like to see.
WESTMINSTER ABBEY + PALACE OF WESTMINSTER TOUR
Highlights of Westminster Abbey
Westminster Abbey interior
It’s these constant changes that make Westminster Abbey so very special. It’s a building characterized by its many architectural influences. Kings wanted to leave their mark on Westminster Abbey – and not only through their ornate tombs. Inside Westminster Abbey, you will go on an exciting journey through the history of English architecture.
The west facade on the main corridor, for example, dates from the 15th century. Displays of the Christian virtues of truth, justice, mercy, and peace frame the entrance, together with ten martyrs. If you look closely, you can recognize Martin Luther King among them! The two main towers of the church weren’t even built until the 18th century. Inside Westminster Abbey, Gothic-era architecture is the predominant one.
Like St. Paul’s Cathedral, Westminster Abbey has the shape of a cross to commemorate the death of Jesus Christ and the resurrection.
The Coronation Chair and the Stone of Scone
A highlight of the church is the coronation chair. It may just be made of wood, but from a historical standpoint, it’s invaluable! Being over 700 years old, it’s one of the oldest thrones used in the world today. Countless English and British monarchs were crowned on this, admittedly elaborate but rather unsuspecting-looking wooden chair, including of course the reigning monarch Queen Elizabeth II.
But what are the origins of the Coronation Chair? In 1297, the carpenter Master Walter made the chair by order of King Edward I, who was in office at the time. Its characteristic features include the four lions, which form the legs of the throne, made of oak wood.
A year before, in 1296, Edward I stole the so-called Stone of Scone from the Scottish: a sacred artifact, as it was custom to crown the Scottish kings on this very stone. The stone of the kings was brought to London as spoils of war and became part of the Coronation Chair. With this, Edward I wanted to demonstrate to the Scots that he ruled over their country. Several attempts by Scotland to reclaim the stone followed.
Attempts to return the Stone of Scone
For example, in 1950: Scottish students stole a stone from Westminster Abbey on Christmas Day and smuggled it to Scotland. It was quickly recovered by the police and returned to Westminster. It was not until 1996, after 700 years in exile, that the stone returned to Scotland in a solemn ceremony.
Today, the wooden chair stands on a high pedestal inside Westminster Abbey – without the Stone of Scone.
Inside Westminster Abbey, royal weddings have been and still are held time and again. Queen Elizabeth II and Philip Mountbatten tied the knot here in 1947. Their grandson William Mountbatten-Windsor (or short, Prince William) and Catherine, “Kate” Middleton followed suit in 2011. The wedding was performed by the Archbishop of Canterbury, Rowan Williams. 1,900 guests watched the church ceremony. Hundreds of thousands of people pilgrimage to Buckingham Palace to witness the first kiss between Kate and William. In addition, about 2 billion people worldwide watched the ceremony.
The graves at Westminster Abbey
Westminster is home to over 400 graves of kings, national heroes, politicians, artists, and scientists. Among others, the physicist Isaac Newton, the writer Charles Dickens and the composer Georg Friedrich Händel have their resting places in this very church.
What is more, Westminster Abbey is also home to a unique war memorial: the Tomb of the Unknown Warrior. It is intended to commemorate all unidentified fallen soldiers of the British Armed Forces. The bridal bouquet of Duchess Kate was placed on top of the tomb, following the royal custom. This tradition began in 1923 when Queen Elizabeth II’s mother placed her bridal bouquet on the tomb – in memory of her brother Fergus, who had fallen in World War One.
The grounds of Westminster Abbey
Four beautiful gardens you’ll find within the church grounds. The Abbey Garden (The Garth), the Little Cloister, College Garden and St Catherine’s Garden. While the Cloister Garden is a square green grassy area and its initial purpose was to be a place of tranquility, the garden called Little Cloister is surrounded by many beautiful, fragrant plants. There is a fountain in the middle of the garden, which was created to serve as a place for convalescence. Within the College Garden, many herbs grow that historically were used for medicinal purposes. Then there is St. Catherine’s Garden, which is part of the area from where the ruins of the old monastery can still be admired.
The traditions of Westminster Abbey
Westminster Abbey isn’t just a tourist attraction, but a very active church, where a Christian prayer of about one minute is held once every hour. Everyone is invited to take part and take advantage of the moment of silence to hold in for a moment. Several times a day, there is also a church service. The Priests and clergymen of the Abbey are known to be very friendly and approachable.
The History of Westminster Abbey
Westminster Abbey’s age? Well, the history of Westminster Abbey goes back close to a thousand years, to 1045 to be exact, when the then-current King of England – known as Edward the Confessor – had Westminster Abbey built in the Romanesque style. As a location, he chose the site of a Benedictine Abbey, which was founded in the same spot during the 8th century. 20 years later, on the 28th of December 1065, Westminster Abbey was finished.
Though in a turn of events, the festive consecration of the spectacular church had to take place without the king who had ordered its construction, due to serious illness. Before his death, Edward the Confessor was canonized and became the first monarch to be buried at Westminster Abbey. Years later, under the reign of King Henry III, the originally Romanesque church was converted into a church in the style of early Gothic. Needless to say, King Edward would have disapproved.
How to get to Westminster Abbey
Westminster Abbey is within walking distance of James’s Park tube station (District and Circle lines) or Westminster (Jubilee, District, and Circle lines). The church is located on the south side of Parliament Square. The House of Parliament and Big Ben are very close by, and you can combine visit all these landmarks in a day.
Tip: If you are traveling a lot during your stay in London and want to discover several tours and sights, I recommend booking the Oyster Card as an option to the London Pass: This way you can use all public transport and save entrance fees!
Westminster Abbey’s opening hours
The opening hours of the church depend on the services and other events in the church. Westminster Abbey is generally open to visitors from Monday to Saturday from 9.30 am to 3.30 pm. In the low season, it is open on Saturdays from 09:30 am to 1:30 pm.
The church is also open on Sundays, but only for worship, not for sightseeing. Please read up on the current opening times in advance, as special events are held at Westminster Abbey regularly, which can affect opening hours.
Who is buried in Westminster Abbey?
The Westminster Abbey is not only famous for the royal marriages but also for the final resting place of famous monarchs, poets, important scientists, politicians, and other influential icons of Great Britain. People like Sir Isaac Newton, Edward V, Charls Darwin, Author Charles Dickens and many many other iconic personalities of the kingdom have found their peace of the holy grounds.
When was Westminster Abbey built?
Westminster Abbey is one of the oldest buildings in London and has been around the City since the start of building in 1050. From 1220 until 1272 Westminster Abbey was under construction and reopened to the public in 1269. Ever since the first consecration, the church is a must-visit on your trip to London. Even after centuries, never fails to make all the visitors speechless by the filigree architecture from the inside and outside.
How old is Westminster Abbey?
One of the most iconic landmarks is indeed Westminster Abbey and by the astonishing age of 963 years, it has been a long time since Edward the Confessor began building this church. Henry III pulled down most of the original building and replaced it with the present church. Today it is a symbol of the royal family, which celebrates their weddings in the stunning interior of the building in Westminster of London.
Where is Westminster Abbey?
Westminster Abbey is in the beautiful and historic district of London, Westminster. There you will find a couple of the most iconic and brilliant buildings of the British metropolis. Next to the beautiful buildings and historic importance of the district, it is the main point of the British government and is right next to the famous home of the king: Buckingham Palace. But there is even more than historic landmarks, the streets are also home to the iconic Whitehall pub.
Who build Westminster Abbey?
The start of the building progress made Edward the Confessor in 1050 to establish his own royal place by the Thames. Sadly, he could attend the consecration because of his own passing… In 1245 Henry III pulled down most of the original building and replaced it with the present church. Today it is a symbol of the royal family, which celebrates their weddings in the stunning interior of the building in Westminster of London.
What is Westminster Abbey?
First is Westminster Abbey, mainly a church of the 13th to 16th century, it is also known as a landmark of London and a keeper of England, Britain’s and London’s history. With an age of over 900 years, there is so much to discover about this historic landmark of London. It was the location of 16 royal wedding of the years of monarchy in England as well the final resting place of the most famous scientist, philosophers, monarchs and biggest brains of the three lions land.
I love traveling in Europe and I am passionate about writing about my travels. The cultural peculiarities of each region always fascinate me. I enjoy exploring and discovering the best-kept secrets of each town or village. I love road trips as much as city breaks; I love visiting an art gallery and also the magic of musicals or discovering new delicacies in a street market. In this blog, I write about all my travel adventures and my best tips and tricks! Auf Loving Travel schreibe ich über alle meine Reiseerlebnisse und gebe euch meine besten Tipps und Tricks!
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